Physical Testing

When looking to understand the physical performance of a fabric turn to Applied Lab for a wide variety of testing options.

Physical Testing with Applied Lab

A fabric’s physical properties can greatly impact its suitability to an application and how well it will hold up to real life. Applied Lab offers a variety of accredited tests to determine how well fabrics hold up to a variety of conditions. Applied Lab is here to assist with physical testing to provide certified test results so you know how your textiles will perform.

 

 

Blocking

Brush Pilling

Cold Crack Resistance

Dimensional Change

Dimensional Change to Commercial Laundering

Flex Testing

Hydrolysis

Mace Snagging

Martindale Abrasion

Martindale Pilling

Mass Per Unit Area: Woven Fabric

Puncture Resistance

Random Tumble Pilling

Scrape and Mar Resistance

Scrubbability

Seam Strength

Seam Slippage

Shrinkage

Spray Test

Stain Resistance

Stiffness of Fabric

Strength / Elongation Grab Method

Taber Abrasion

Tear Strength of Fabrics: Tongue Method

Tear Strength of Fabrics: Trapezoid Method

Volatility

Wyzenbeek Abrasion

Blocking

CFFA 4

Determines the development of surface tack of chemically coated fabrics at elevated temperatures.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 12” x 12”

Brush Pilling

ASTM D3511

Measures the propensity of a fabric to form pills (bunches or balls of tangled fibers which are held to the surface by one or more fibers). Specimens are brushed with a nylon bristle brush for 4 minutes to create fuzzing and then rubbed face to face for 2 minutes to create pilling.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

Cold Crack Resistance

CFFA 6a

Determines the temperature at which cracks may appear if a chemically coated fabric is left in the cold and then folded sharply under the pressure of a roller.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 12” x 12”

Dimensional Change

ASTM D3597 Section6.5

Measures the dimensional change of a fabric when subjected to water and allowed to dry in the prevailing ambient temperature.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 12” x 12”

Dimensional Change to Commercial Laundering

AATCC 96

Determines the dimensional change of fabrics and garments when subjected to commercial or home laundering procedures.

Lead time: 5 days (based on 5 cycles)
Yardage required: 1 Yd x Full width

Flex Testing

ASTM D2097; CFFA 10

Determines the resistance of a coated fabric to crack or craze when subjected to repeated flexing under specific conditions.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 18”

Hydrolysis

ASTM D3690 Section6.11; ISO 1419 Method C

Determines the ability of a polyurethane material to withstand the environmental effects of high humidity or exposure to wet conditions. Visual evaluations for cracking, peeling or delamination are made after placing specimens in an environmental chamber at 158°F and 95% relative humidity for week intervals. Alternately, coating adhesion, flex resistance and / or abrasion can be evaluated before and after exposure.

Lead time: Chamber runs weekly / Yardage required: 12” x 12”/wk*

Mace Snagging

ASTM D3939

Assesses the property of a fabric whereby yarns or parts of yarns are prevented or inhibited from being pulled or plucked from the surface; a metal mace is used.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

Martindale Abrasion

ASTM D4966

Measure the abrasion resistance (wearing away of any part of a material by rubbing it against another surface) of textile fabrics. Specimens are abraded by placing them face to face with a worsted wool abradant in a Lissajous figure movement.

Lead time: Call for lead time
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

Martindale Pilling

ASTM D4970

Measures the propensity of a fabric to form pills (bunches or balls of tangled fibers which are held to the surface by one or more fibers). Specimens rub face to face for 100 interval movements.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 9” x Full width

Mass Per Unit Area: Woven Fabric

ASTM D3776 Option C

Measures the mass per unit area of fabrics.

Lead time: Call for lead time
Yardage required: Call for requirements

Puncture Resistance

ASTM D751 Section22-25

Determines the amount of force required to puncture a coated fabric with an object similar to a flat head screwdriver.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

Random Tumble Pilling

ASTM D3512

Measures the propensity of a fabric to form pills; specimens tumble in a cork lined chamber for 30 minutes.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 18”

Scrape and Mar Resistance

ASTM D2197, D5178

A U-shaped stylus, loaded with weight, is dragged across the surface of a coating to determine the scratch or mar resistance (ability to resist damage by light abrasion) Ball point or needle stylus may be substituted.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 24”

Scrubbability

ASTM F793 Section7.7; CFFA 130

Determines the ability of a coated fabric to be scrubbed with soap and not cause damage or discoloration to the surface. Specimens are rubbed for a specified number of cycles with nylon brushes after applying a soap solution.

Lead time: Call for lead time
Yardage required: Call for requirements

Seam Strength

ASTM D3597 Section 6.3, D434-95

Measures the maximum force applied to a material to force a rupture.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 12” x 12”

Seam Slippage

ASTM D1683, D4034

Measures the displacement of one or more yarns from the original position, causing differences in alignment or spacing or both by applying an increasing amount of force to a seam.

Lead time: Call for lead time
Yardage required: Call for requirements

Shrinkage

CFFA 140

Determines the ability of a chemically coated fabric to resist shrinkage when subjected to moisture and heat.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

Spray Test

AATCC 22

This method measures the resistance of fabrics to wetting by water. This is suitable for measuring the water repellent efficiency of finishes applied to fabrics.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 12” x Full width

Stain Resistance

ASTM D1308; CFFA 141

Determines the resistance of a fabric to staining when subjected to common household stains and cleaning agents.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 8” x 8” /stain

Stiffness of Fabric

ASTM D4032

Determines the resistance of a fabric to multi-directional bending when forced through a circular opening.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

Strength / Elongation Grab Method

ASTM D751 Section11-15, 17, D5034

Measures the extension length of fabric compared to the length prior to stretching at specified intervals.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

CFFA 17 Stretch and Set

Measures the maximum force applied to a material to force a rupture.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

SAE J855 / CFFA 15

Measures the stretch resistance and recovery ability of a fabric when subjected to 25 pounds of force.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

Taber Abrasion

ASTM D3884

Measures the abrasion resistance of textile fabrics. Specimens are abraded by abrasive wheels under a predetermined amount of pressure using a rotational rubbing motion.

Lead time: 5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

Tear Strength of Fabrics: Tongue Method

ASTM D751 Section 28-31, D2261, D5735; CFFA 16b

Measures the actual tearing strength of a fabric by partially slitting a specimen to resemble pants and pulling with equal force in opposite directions on the two “legs.”

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 24”

Tear Strength of Fabrics: Trapezoid Method

ASTM D751 Section 25-32, D5587, D5733 ; CFFA 16c

Measures the force required to propagate a single rip tear starting from a cut in the fabric; specimens are tested in accordance with the trapezoid procedure whereby specimens are clamped in the jaws along opposite sides of the trapezoid marked on the specimen.

Lead time: 3-5 days
Yardage required: 18” x 36”

Volatility

ASTM D1203; Test Method A; CFFA 18

Determines the rate at which materials volatize from the chemical coated fabrics at a given temperature.

Lead time: 5-7 days
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

Wyzenbeek Abrasion

ASTM D4157, D3597 Section 6.4

Measures the abrasion resistance (wearing away of any part of a material by rubbing against another surface) of textile fabrics. Specimens are abraded by placing face to face with a cotton duck or wire screen abradant and subjecting them to a back and forth (double rub) movement.

Lead time: Call for lead time
Yardage required: 18” x Full width

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